Alan Crawford is emeritus professor of education at California State University, Los Angeles. He has served as a Fulbright senior scholar in Ecuador, and a researcher in residence at the American Embassy in Baku, Azerbaijan, and past president of the California Reading Association. He received a second Fulbright senior scholar grant in 2013 to work in Morocco. He has served as the representative of the International Reading Association to UNESCO for many years, and a senior literacy specialist at UNESCO in Paris during International Literacy Year (1989–90). He is a frequent speaker at seminars and workshops for international development projects in Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Alan is currently consulting with bilingual and trilingual education projects in Kazakhstan, Ghana, Guatemala, Georgia (Caucasus), and previously worked with GTZ (Germany) on this topic in Peru and Bolivia.